Freshwater and saltwater aquariums have specific requirements to keep the fish happy and healthy, but there are common practices that you need to remember when maintaining the tanks. If you are a beginner, these are some helpful tips to keep your aquarium clean.
Use two different filtration systems. If you currently only have mechanical filtration installed, which is the type recommended for most beginners, consider installing biological or chemical filtration. There are also other options that combine the best qualities from all three filtration systems.
Use a filter that’s bigger that your tank requirement. Always choose one size bigger when it comes to the basic equipment for the aquarium. This will leave room to add more fish, plants, and decoration. You will also feel assured that you’re getting more than 100% from the filtration system.
Limit the number of decorations. Plastic decor can be home to bacteria and catch debris from leftover food and droppings. They will need to be cleaned once a week, but if you do not want the hassle, switch to rocks and live plants. Not only will they make the tank look more natural, but they can also help keep the water clean.
Do not overfeed. Each species of aquarium fish has a specific requirement for feeding, nutrients, temperature, etc. that you need to remember. The correct amount of food you need to feed the fish should be based on how much they will consume within 5 minutes. If there are a lot of leftovers, the food will spoil and make the water dirtier.
Clean up after feeding. Make it a habit to clean up the leftover food after each feeding. Rotten food will increase ammonia in the water. You can use a fish net or a gravel vacuum to remove the food debris.
Use only premium food. Some fish need to be fed only once or twice daily, so you do not have a reason to go cheap when it comes to food. Choose only the best quality food you can afford that is easy to digest. The better the food, the less dirty the water will be.
Control lighting. Do not place the aquarium near the windows or any heat or light sources because that can affect the algae growth. Make sure that you have the correct lights installed for the tank based on the species’ requirements. There is also a limited amount of time required for plants and fish to be exposed to light.
Consider bottom feeders. Fish are also classified based on where they feed. Bottom-feeders are great for cleaning up debris that sink to the bottom of the tank. There are also other fish that can help with algae control.
Replace the water. You are required to change 25% of the aquarium water once a month. It will be easier to control tank conditions that way. You should also schedule the brushing of the interior of the tank once every few months to remove algae and other debris.