You’ve heard about measles few times but you did not bother to investigate further. According to latest updates provided by United Nations and World Health Organization on May 10, 2014, there is an outbreak of measles in Somali. Somali children are facing disability or worse, death due to the outbreak.
Here in Singapore, cases of measles has plummeted since 1981. For your information, in 1981, the Singapore government implemented obligatory measles vaccination. The measles vaccination is comprised of two doses – the first dose is when an infant reaches 15 months and the second dose is when the child reaches 12 years old.
Here are some facts you need to know about measles:
- Causes and risk factors: The basic thing that you should know is that measles is contagious and it commonly affects children without immunity. It can spread through sneezing, coughing and contact with items that are contaminated.
- Signs and symptoms: Symptoms will start to appear ten to twelve days after the contracting of the virus. Symptoms include coughing, sneezing, runny nose, red eyes, fever and blue-white spots.
- Complications: Patients can completely recover from measles. Do not worry because death is very rare. Complications can happen though. There are cases that develop ear infection pneumonia and encephalitis.
- Screening: The screening of measles is based on the symptoms a patient develops. Basically, doctors can identify it through examining the spots of the patient.
- Treatment: Treatment is given to help relieve the discomfort of the patient. For reducing fever, the doctor will recommend Paracetamol. For coughing, the doctor will recommend cool-mist humidifier. Most importantly, patients should get plenty of rest.