Tips for Keeping Your Fish Tank Clean

Freshwater and saltwater aquariums have specific requirements to keep the fish happy and healthy, but there are common practices that you need to remember when maintaining the tanks. If you are a beginner, these are some helpful tips to keep your aquarium clean.

Use two different filtration systems. If you currently only have mechanical filtration installed, which is the type recommended for most beginners, consider installing biological or chemical filtration. There are also other options that combine the best qualities from all three filtration systems.

Use a filter that’s bigger that your tank requirement. Always choose one size bigger when it comes to the basic equipment for the aquarium. This will leave room to add more fish, plants, and decoration. You will also feel assured that you’re getting more than 100% from the filtration system.

Limit the number of decorations. Plastic decor can be home to bacteria and catch debris from leftover food and droppings. They will need to be cleaned once a week, but if you do not want the hassle, switch to rocks and live plants. Not only will they make the tank look more natural, but they can also help keep the water clean.

Do not overfeed. Each species of aquarium fish has a specific requirement for feeding, nutrients, temperature, etc. that you need to remember. The correct amount of food you need to feed the fish should be based on how much they will consume within 5 minutes. If there are a lot of leftovers, the food will spoil and make the water dirtier.

Clean up after feeding. Make it a habit to clean up the leftover food after each feeding. Rotten food will increase ammonia in the water. You can use a fish net or a gravel vacuum to remove the food debris.

Use only premium food. Some fish need to be fed only once or twice daily, so you do not have a reason to go cheap when it comes to food. Choose only the best quality food you can afford that is easy to digest. The better the food, the less dirty the water will be.

Control lighting. Do not place the aquarium near the windows or any heat or light sources because that can affect the algae growth. Make sure that you have the correct lights installed for the tank based on the species’ requirements. There is also a limited amount of time required for plants and fish to be exposed to light.

Consider bottom feeders. Fish are also classified based on where they feed. Bottom-feeders are great for cleaning up debris that sink to the bottom of the tank. There are also other fish that can help with algae control.

Replace the water. You are required to change 25% of the aquarium water once a month. It will be easier to control tank conditions that way. You should also schedule the brushing of the interior of the tank once every few months to remove algae and other debris.

Pug Health: Taking Care of Your Pet Pug


Pugs are some of the cute looking animals on the planet—and are very expensive, too. You can easily recognize this breed as they are usually small in size with wrinkly face and curled tail. To maintain its adorable look, these dogs require special care. Here are some tips to keep your pet pug happy and healthy.


  1. Feed Them Just Enough Food

There are dog foods that are specifically for pug diet. However, it can get confusing to choose as there are so many brands available in the market. The best you can do is to follow vet’s advice. Pugs eat almost anything, making them more prone to becoming overweight. Ideally, puppies between three to six months should be fed at least thrice a day; and six months an up, at least twice a day.

  1. Cool Them Down

Pugs are greatly affected by warm weather and can get easily dehydrated. So, make sure that your pug’s environment is cool, especially during summer time when pugs feel more discomfort. What’s unique to pugs that other dogs don’t have is that they don’t have wet noses, which don’t allow them to adjust to warm conditions. Keep your dog comfortable by regularly checking the room temperature where it stays. If you feel like the room is too hot, transfer it to another place or provide it with plenty of water.

  1. Keep Them Active

Like humans, dogs need exercise, too. Bear in mind that pugs are actually overweight or their size, which means the more they need to an active lifestyle. Walk your dog for an hour or two a day and play with it to maintain its health. Just be mindful to not take your pug out on a sunny day as the hot weather can dehydrate him.


  1. Clean Pug Wrinkles

Pug wrinkles are called folds, which are great places to accumulate unwanted stuff like mucous, food, dirt, water, etc. Keep these wrinkles clean, or else the unwanted stuff can cause infection. You can use a Q-tip, or better baby wipes. Fill a cup of lukewarm water and dip the cotton swab or baby wipes into in. Run the wipes through the folds to the dirt and grime sticks to it. Finish up by swiping the inside of the wrinkles with a Q-tip dipped in petroleum jelly to keep the skin of the folded areas clean and protected.

If you’re planning to adopt a pug, it’s worth knowing the right ways of taking care of it. After all, you would not want to waste the investment you made upon getting this soulful-looking pet.

Heather McFarland, owner of Dog Gone Lovely, blow dries King after his bath on Saturday, Nov. 13, 2010, in Albany, N.Y. McFarland volunteered her mobile grooming business to help Green Mountain Pug Rescue. King's one of 20 pugs who arrived in Albany from a puppy-mill in Missouri. The dogs got to stretch and get cleaned up before going to their foster homes in the Capital Region, Vermont and New Hampshire.  For information about adopting a pug, find the rescue group at or call (802) 626-8280. (Cindy Schultz / Times Union)